To understand the doubling rule, it helps to know about vowel and consonant patterns in words.
|One way to make a vowel sound long is to put e on the end:|
|tap, tape||bit, bite||cod, code||tub, tube|
In two-syllable words, the first vowel is usually long if there is only
one consonant between it and the next vowel:
The first vowel is short if there are two consonants between it and the
Some more examples:
If you are unsure of these vowel and consonant patterns, look at Unit 8.
On page 1 of this unit, you learnt that there are two kinds of suffixes:
THE DOUBLING RULE:
If you add a vowel suffix to a short vowel word which has only one consonant at the end, you must double the consonant. If you don't, the vowel sound will change to a long one.
|Click on the ear to hear these examples:|
|stop + ed||stopped||stoped|
|dig + ing||digging||diging|
|fat + er||fatter||fater|
|To help you remember this rule, think of the second vowel as an invader. He is trying to attack the first vowel and make it change its ways. If he can get near enough, he will make it say its long sound.|
|Here, there is a strong wall of two consonants. This will protect the short vowel from attack. The invader can't get close, so the first vowel can carry on as before.|
Now try these. Add the vowel suffix to the root word and type the answer.
Remember, y on the end is a vowel.
The first one has been done for you.
Skip this exercise and go to the next part of this unit: When NOT to double the consonant. *
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