Spelling the /f/ sound with ph

Teaching point The /f/ sound is usually spelled with the letter f, or ff if after a short vowel - this is covered in Unit 4.
In some words, the /f/ sound is spelled using the digraph ph.

These are often words from the ancient Greek language. Many share the same root word.

Greek Word Meaning Examples
photo light photograph
photocopy
photosynthesis (the process by which plants absorb light)
graph writing photograph
paragraph
autograph
biography
geography
phonos sound headphones
earphones
telephone
microphone
saxophone
phonics (speech sounds)
sphere ball spherical
atmosphere
stratosphere
Learn the Words:
Study this word list 'Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check' spelling exercise English spelling games spelling test

Remember these ph words by grouping them together in topic sets:

Words to do with writing: learning ph words alphabet
apostrophe
hyphen
phrase
pamphlet
Medical words: learning ph words physician
pharmacy
pharmacist
physics
physical
Animals: learning ph words elephant
dolphin
People, characters: learning ph words phantom
nephew
prophet
orphan
Pharaoh
Abstract nouns
e.g. feelings:
learning ph words triumph
phenomenon
catastrophe
emphasis
phobia
Learn the Words:
Study this word list 'Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check' spelling exercise English spelling games spelling test

Other ph words:

trophy siphon (or syphon) typhoon Joseph Sophie
Ralph Christopher Rudolph Philip

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Unit 5: Spelling the consonant digraphs, part 2

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