Y: When is it a vowel? When is it a consonant?

The letter y needs some special attention.

It can be either a vowel or a consonant, depending on its function in the word.
Say each group of words aloud and listen to the sound made by the letter y:

Y word consonant sound y word vowel sound y word vowel sound

In these words the letter y makes a consonant sound.

In both these sets the sound of the letter y is a vowel sound.
yellow
yak
yoghurt
yo-yo.
sky
cry
fly
shy
July
twenty
baby
happy
family

Read the following words and decide if the letter y has a vowel sound or a consonant sound.

Select consonant if the letter has a consonant sound or vowel if it has a vowel sound.


Select consonant or vowel

you consonant
vowel
sorry consonant
vowel
dry consonant
vowel
beyond consonant
vowel
silly consonant
vowel
dynamite consonant
vowel


 


Skip this exercise and go to the next part of this unit: Ways of spelling consonant and vowel sounds. *

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Unit 1: The basic 'Building Bricks' of the English language
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