Endings cial, tial, cious, tious

Rule Breakers - these words break spelling rules  

A few words use ceous to spell the sound /shƏs/:
cretaceous Cretaceous means chalk-like.
The Cretaceous era was when dinosaurs died out.
curvaceous The film star has a curvaceous figure.
herbaceous Type of plant:
We have a herbaceous border in our garden.
sebaceous To do with fat:
Sebaceous glands provide oil for skin and hair.
Also note:
righteous, which keeps the t from right.

A few words use xious to spell the sound/shƏs/:
anxious Mum's illness has made the family very anxious.
noxious The factory fire produced noxious smoke.
obnoxious His rowdy drunken behaviour was obnoxious.
Learning tip to help your spelling To remember anxious, think of anxiety, where x is used to spell the sound /z/.

homophones - learn to spell similar sounding words Only one homophone from this section:

marshal -
1. senior officer
2. person who controls races or organises people.
3. (verb) to arrange in order

martial - to do with warfare

1. The Field Marshal led the parade.
2. The track marshal stopped the cars.

3. He marshalled his troops.
(US: marshaled)

Karate is a martial art.

This completes the work on the endings cial tial cious tious .

Print this page
share this page:

Sign up to remove this advert

Remove this advert

Your current location:

Unit 30: Spelling the endings -cial -tial -cious -tious

Page 7 of 7

Spellzone is used by students aged seven to adult to improve their spelling, including those learning English as a foreign language and those with dyslexia.

Find out more >>

Try Spellzone for free


Word lists and Games


Sign up to remove this advert

"I would like to thank you so much for this great website. I have always been ashamed of my spelling but after a few lessons I am already better. It is filling in all the gaps. Thanks."
Student, France


If you need help logging into your account, or you need more information, we are here to help. Help