This Unit deals with words ending in ant, ent, ance or ence. These endings are usually an unstressed syllable, which means the vowel often has a schwa sound.
First, the ant and ent words:
|ant as in contestant||ent as in ornament|
|Choosing the right ending is not easy, as they both sound the same in many words. There is only one clear rule to help you:|
If the ending is the suffix ment, you know it is ent. For example:
|agree + ment = agreement||engage + ment = engagement|
|merry + ment = merriment||govern + ment = government|
There is no other way of telling which ending to use - you will need
to rely on your memory.
|1) Use your eyes to fix the words in your visual memory.|
|You probably know that restaurant ends with ant.
This is because you have seen the word many times.
To learn other words, learn them in groups of 4 or 5 with the same ending. Read each group many times, then write them using the "Look, say, cover, write, check" method, or use our online "Look, say, cover, write, check" activity..
|2) As you read and write, use a 'spelling language' and say the word as it is spelled:|
|monumental > monument|
|confidential > confident|
|instrumental > instrument|
4) If you are unsure, check in a dictionary. As the word endings are the problem here, it will be easy to find the words.
|Go to the next page:
Lists of some common -ant and -ent words.