Spelling the sound /ar/: ar, al or just a ?

homophones - learn to spell similar sounding words

HOMOPHONES from this unit: words with the sound /ar/

If you confuse these words the computer spellchecker will not spot your mistake - so it is especially important to learn them.

father - dad

farther - more distant
My father is called Andrew.

It 's farther away.
Learning tip to help your spelling Is father fat?
How far is farther?

balmy - mild and soothing

barmy - slang for crazy
It was a balmy day.

She's barmy to go out with him.

Rule Breakers - these words break spelling rules aunt (or aunty / auntie)
Learning Tip for English spelling Aunt Una

Rule Breakers - these words break spelling rules heart - The word 'heart has a silent 'e'.
Learning Tip for English spelling Have a heart!
English words with sound ar
(There is a word 'hart' but it is a kind of male deer.)


1. Some words use the letters ar to spell the weak 'schwa' sound at the end of a word. For example:

dollar sugar calendar burglar

Unit 25 has more details on these words with the 'schwa' ending.

2. When ar comes after w, as in war, the sound made is usually /or/.
For example:

warm reward wart swarm

Units 14 has more detail on these war words.

This completes the unit on ar / al / a

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Unit 10: Spelling the sound /ar/

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