Unit 34 - Adding suffixes to longer words

think back to spelling teaching In Unit 9, we examined the rules for adding suffixes to words of one syllable.

If you add a vowel suffix to a root word with one short vowel followed by only one consonant, you must double that consonant. This stops the short vowel from being changed to a long sound.

Teaching point - learning to spell As with one syllable words, with longer words, sometimes we have to double a letter when adding a vowel suffix. With longer words, you only have to double the consonant if the syllable just before the suffix is a stressed syllable.

think back to spelling teaching It can be useful, therefore, to remind ourselves about stressed and unstressed syllables:

Help adding suffixes to longer English words If we stressed every word, we would sound like robots.

Hear examples of 'robot' speech.

In natural speech, words of more than one syllable contain one sound that is stronger than the rest. This is the stressed syllable. Read these aloud and listen for the stress:

Help adding suffixes to longer English words Help adding suffixes to longer English words Help adding suffixes to longer English words
elephant gorilla kangaroo

You can hear the stressed syllable sound clearly. Try this activity – just type the stressed syllable in the box:

Which is the stressed syllable?

Type the whole word:

number = num + ber
mistake = mis + take
invade = in + vade
forget = for + get
open = o + pen
apart = a + part
guitar = gui + tar
prepare = pre + pare
often = of + ten
pretend = pre + tend


Skip this exercise and go to the next part of this unit: Adding suffixes to longer words. *

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Unit 34: Adding suffixes to longer words

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