Letters and Sounds: Phase 4

Page Spellzone resources

 

Summary

107

"Children entering Phase Four will be able to represent each of 42 phonemes by a grapheme, and be able to blend phonemes to read CVC words and segment CVC words for spelling. They will have some experience in reading simple two-syllable words and captions. They will know letter names and be able to read and spell some tricky words.

The purpose of this phase is to consolidate children's knowledge of graphemes in reading and spelling words containing adjacent consonants and polysyllabic words.

The teaching materials in this phase provide a selection of suitable words containing adjacent consonants. These words are for using in the activities – practising blending for reading and segmenting for spelling. This is not a list to be worked through slavishly but to be selected from as needed for an activity.

It must always be remembered that phonics is the step up to word recognition. Automatic reading of all words – decodable and tricky – is the ultimate goal..."

The Spellzone Starter Course teaches the basic phonic spelling rules using multi-sensory activities and tests.

108

Practise

Apply

Read or write sentences using one or more high-frequency words and words containing adjacent consonants. Create sentences or use existing sentences from these lists: List 1, List 2, List 3. Also try connect the words printable worksheet: List 1, List 2, List 3 (pdfs).

 

Suggested timetable for Phase Four – discrete teaching

108

Week 1

  • Practise recognition and recall of Phase Two and Three graphemes and reading and spelling CVC words
  • Teach and practise reading CVCC words
  • Teach and practise spelling CVCC words: 
    List 1, List 2, List 3.
  • Teach reading the tricky words said, so
  • Teach spelling the tricky words he, she, we, me, be
  • Practise reading and spelling high-frequency words
  • Practise reading sentences
  • Practise writing sentences

Week 2

  • Practise recognition and recall of Phase Two and Three graphemes and reading and spelling CVC words
  • Teach and practise reading CCVC words
  • Teach and practise spelling CCVC words
  • Teach reading the tricky words have, like, some, come
  • Teach spelling the tricky words was, you
  • Practise reading and spelling high-frequency words
  • Practise reading sentences
  • Practise writing sentences

Week 3

  • Practise recognition and recall of Phase Two and Three graphemes
  • Practise reading words containing adjacent consonants
  • Practise spelling words containing adjacent consonants
  • Teach reading the tricky words were, there, little, one
  • Teach spelling the tricky words they, all, are
  • Practise reading and spelling high-frequency words
  • Practise reading sentences
  • Practise writing sentences

Week 4

  • Practise recognition and recall of Phase Two and Three graphemes
  • Practise reading words containing adjacent consonants
  • Practise spelling words containing adjacent consonants
  • Teach reading the tricky words do, when, out, what
  • Teach spelling the tricky words my, her
  • Practise reading and spelling high-frequency words
  • Practise reading sentences
Practise writing sentences

 

Practising grapheme recognition for reading and recall for spelling

109

Grapheme recognition
Flashcards
Resources:

 

Teaching blending for reading CVCC and CCVC words

110

It must always be remembered that phonics is the step up to fluent word recognition. Automatic and effortless reading of all words – decodable and tricky – is the ultimate goal.

By repeated sounding and blending of words, children get to know them, and once this happens, they should be encouraged to read them straight off in reading text, rather than continuing to sound and lend them aloud because they feel that this is what is required. They should continue, however, to use overt or silent phonics for those words which are unfamiliar.

111

CVCC words
Resources:


CCVC words

Resources:

 

Teaching segmenting for spelling CVCC and CCVC words

112

CVCC words
Resources:

113

CCVC words
Follow the procedure for teaching segmenting CCVC words, accentuating the second consonant (e.g. bring).
Phoneme frame CCVC words
, Words using Phase Three graphemes (pdfs)

 

Practising reading and spelling words with adjacent consonants

113

Large group – What's in the box?
Resources:

Set of word cards giving words with adjacent consonants:

Words using sets 1–7 letters: List 1, List 2, List 3 and north of England (pdfs)
Words using Phase Three graphemes (pdf)
Polysyllabic words (pdfs)
See more Phase Four lists

114

Countdown
Resources:

Sentence substitution
Resources:

towel, girl, milk, brings
pond, flag, jumps, dog
Stan, needed, meat, grill
grabs, desk, Krishnan, spoon
was, lamp, soft, cabinet
hand, wait, storm, truck
present, Vikram, sent, snail
winter, punch, this, go
Gretel, lost, lent, bricks
plums, slugs, picnic, took

115

Matching words and pictures
Resources:

Buried treasure
Resources:

 

Practising segmentation for spelling

116

Phoneme frame
Resources:

117

Quick write words
Resources:

 

Teaching and practising high-frequency (common) words

118

There are 100 common words that recur frequently in much of the written material young children read and that they need when they write. Most of these are decodable, by sounding and blending, assuming the grapheme–phoneme correspondences are known. By the end of Phase Two 26 of the high-frequency words are decodable, a further 12 are decodable by the end of Phase Three and six more are decodable at Phase Four. These are: went, it's, from, children, just and help. Reading a group of these words each day, by applying grapheme–phoneme knowledge as it is acquired, will help children recognise them quickly. However, in order to read simple sentences it is necessary also to know some words that have unusual or untaught GPCs ('tricky' words) and these need to be learned (see Notes of Guidance for Practitioners and Teachers, page 15).

Phase Three decodable words
Phase Four decodable words
Phase Three tricky words
Phase Four tricky words

Learning to read tricky words
Resources:
Tricky words with sentences
Note: Although ending in the letter e, some, come and have are not split digraph words. It is easiest to suggest that the last phoneme is represented by a consonant and the letter e. It is not possible to show the phonemes represented by graphemes in the word one.

Practising reading high-frequency words

119

Resources

  • Between five and eight high-frequency words, including decodable and tricky words, written on individual cards (pdf).

 

Learning to spell and practising tricky words

119

Children should be able to read these words before being expected to learn to spell them.
Resources

 

Practising reading and spelling two-syllable words

121

Reading two-syllable words
Resources:
Short list of two-syllable words (for use by the teacher)

Spelling two-syllable words
Resources:
List of two-syllable words (for use by the teacher)

 

Practising reading and writing sentences

123

'I can…' books
Resources:

Set word list as a homework task.

Yes/no questions
Resources:

Set word list as a homework task.

 

Assessment

125

At the end of Phase Four children should:

Wordlists for Phase Two, Phase Three

 

Bank of suggested words and sentences for use in Phase Four

126

The words in this section are made up from the letters taught for use in blending for reading and segmentation for spelling. These lists are not for working through slavishly but to be selected from as needed for an activity (words in italics are from the list of 100 high frequency words).

CVCC words
Words using sets 1–7 letters:

went, it's, help, just, tent, belt, hump, band, dent, felt, gulp, lamp, wind, hump, land, nest, sink, link, hunt, best, tilt
lift, lost, tuft, damp, bust, camp, gift, kept, tusk, limp, soft, pond
husk, cost, bank, bunk, fond , gust, hand, next, milk, golf, jump, fact, melt

Additional words for the north of England*:
ask, fast, last, daft, task

*In the North of England, where the letter a is pronounced /a/, these are appropriate as Phase Four words.

Words using Phase Three graphemes:
champ, chest, tenth, theft, Welsh, chimp, bench, sixth, punch, chunk, thank, shift, shelf, joint, boost, thump, paint, roast, toast, beast, think, burnt

Polysyllabic words:
children, helpdesk, sandpit, windmill, softest, pondweed, desktop, helper, handstand, melting, seventh, shampoo, Chester, giftbox, shelter, lunchbox, sandwich, shelving, Manchester, chimpanzee, champion, thundering

127

CCV and CCVC words
Words using Sets 1 – 7 letters
from, stop, spot, frog, step, plan, speck, trip, grab, track, spin, flag, grip, glad, twin, sniff, plum, gran, swim, clap, drop,

Additional words for the north of England
*: glass, grass, brass

*In the North of England, where the letter a is pronounced /a/, these are appropriate as Phase Four words.

Words using Phase Three graphemes:
green, fresh, steep, tree, spear, smell, spoil, train, spoon, sport, thrush, trash, start, flair, trail, cream, clown, star, creep, brown
stair, spoil, spark, bring, crash, bleed, clear, train, swing, droop, spoon, float, smart, groan, brush, growl, scoop, sport, frown, speech, smear, thrill

Polysyllabic words:
treetop, starlight, floating, freshness

CCVCC, CCCVC and CCCVCC words
Words using Sets 1 – 7 letters:
stand, crisp, trend, trust, spend, glint, twist, brand, frost, cramp, plump, stamp, blend, stunt
crust, tramp, grunt, crept, drift, slept, skunk, think, thank, blink, drank, blank, trunk

Additional words for the north of England*:
graft, grant, blast, grasp, slant

*In the North of England, where the letter a is pronounced /a/, these are appropriate as Phase Four words.

Words using Phase Three graphemes:
crunch, drench, trench, Grinch, shrink, thrust, spring, strap, string, scrap, street, scrunch

Polysyllabic words
driftwood, twisting, printer

128

Sentences
Sentences and substitute words for 'Sentence substitution'
towel, girl, milk, brings
pond, flag, jumps, dog
Stan, needed, meat, grill
grabs, desk, Krishnan, spoon
was, lamp, soft, cabinet
hand, wait, storm, truck
present, Vikram, sent, snail
winter, punch, this, go
Gretel, lost, lent, bricks
plums, slugs, picnic, took
Yes/no questions
A number of prepared questions on card or on an interactive whiteboard.
Cards with 'yes' on one side and 'no' on the other.

Search word lists


Try Spellzone for free

"I have just subscribed and look forward to continuing to use Spellzone. I have been really impressed with the program during the trial period and the students gave very positive feedback. Many thanks."

Teacher, International School, Geneva