Spelling the long vowel sound /ō/: o-e, oa, ow, oe

    /ō/ as in oval Spelling the long vowel sound o

Teaching point How to spell the long /ō/ sound:

1) In some words of more than one syllable you just need the letter o, for example:

bogus bonus focus hotel local moment omit
poem program protect robot rodent total yoga

2) Some short words have just o on the end:

go ago so also Jo no

3) Some other words (often from other languages) have just o on the end. These are in the 'rule-breakers' on page 21.

4) Sometimes you need to add another letter, for example:

o-e as in rose oa as in boat ow as in snow oe as in toe
Add e on the end. Many words use o-e to spell the long /ō/ sound.

Some examples:
The next most common way is to use oa as in boat.

Some examples:
Use ow on the end of most words, as in snow.

Some examples:
A few words have oe on the end, as in toe.


Some examples:
robe
globe
code
rode*
joke
smoke
stroke
hole*
whole*
stole
dome
home
bone
lone*
stone
hope
slope
nose*
hose
those
vote
quote
wrote*
drove
stove
hormone
parole
compose
suppose
provoke
ozone
remote
envelope
microscope
telescope

...and many more
coach
poach
load*
road*
toad*
loaf
oak
soak
cloak
croak
coal
goal
foal
foam
groan*
loan*
soap
boast
coast
roast
toast
oats
coat
float
goat
moat
stoat
throat
cockroach
approach
encroach
reproach
bow
low
mow
row*
sow*
tow*
blow > blown
flow* > flown
grow > grown*
know* > known
show > shown
slow*
snow
throw
arrow
below
borrow
bungalow
elbow
fellow
follow
hollow
meadow
narrow
pillow
shadow
shallow
sorrow
swallow
tomorrow
window
yellow
toe*
foe
hoe
floe*
roe*
sloe*
woe
oboe
Note: Words marked * are homophones. Please see page 22

next part of the spelling course Go to next page:
test yourself in spelling the long /ō/ sound.
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Unit 7: Spelling the long vowel sounds

Page 18 of 28

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o-e words - set 1
o-e words - set 2
oa words
ow words

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