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Unit 19: The soft g sound: ge gi gy words

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Unit 19: Soft g: ge, gi and gy words

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Unit 19 - Spelling ge, gi and gy words - the soft g sound

The letter g is used to spell two sounds:

  1. the hard sound /g/ as in go and gas
  2. the 'soft' sound /j/ as in giraffe and stage

This unit covers the 'soft' sound of g.

Help spelling English words with soft g sound Help spelling English words with soft g sound
/j/ as in giraffe /j/ as in stage

We are now going to look at words where this sound appears at the end.

Teaching point The sound /j/ can be spelled with either j or g.

No English word ends in j. The soft sound at the ends of words in English is spelled with ge.

Teaching point

In some words, the ge sound comes after the letter d:

badge cadge edge ledge

Here, the letter d stops the vowel before it saying its name. We pronounce age with a long /a/ sound, because usually with a split digraph like a-e, the e makes the a say its name. But we say badge with a short vowel sound because the letter d stops the split digraph working.


There are three lists of -ge words below:

  1. Words ending in ge.
  2. Words ending in dge.
  3. Words ending with the sound / i j/. This is usually spelled -age.

Help spelling English words with soft g sound Help spelling English words with soft g sound Help spelling English words with soft g sound
ge as in stage dge as in bridge age as in luggage
age
cage
page
rage
wage
huge
hinge
fringe
twinge
plunge
barge
charge
large
merge
verge
forge
gorge
range
change
strange
bulge
scrounge
challenge
arrange
emerge
engage
exchange
diverge
revenge
orange
badge
cadge
edge
dredge
hedge
ledge
sledge
wedge
ridge
midge
dodge
lodge
splodge
budge
drudge
fudge
grudge
judge
nudge
sludge
smudge
trudge
cartridge
partridge

Rule breakers break spelling rules
allege
baggage
bandage
blockage
cabbage
cottage
courage
damage
foliage
garbage
hostage
image
manage
message
package
passage
postage
sausage
savage
shortage
storage
village
vintage
voltage
wreckage
advantage
average

Rule breakers break spelling rules
knowledge
college
privilege
Learn the Words:
Study this word list 'Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check' spelling exercise English spelling games spelling test
Learn the Words:
Study this word list 'Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check' spelling exercise English spelling games spelling test
Learn the Words:
Study this word list 'Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check' spelling exercise English spelling games spelling test

next part of the spelling course
Take a test in these -ge words

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