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Letters and Sounds: Phase 2

                                                   

 

Page Letters and Sounds content Spellzone related content and notes
SSC = Spellzone Starter Course. SMC = Spellzone Main Course

Summary

48

The purpose of this phase...
"During the phase they will be introduced to reading two-syllable words and simple captions. They will also learn to read some high-frequency 'tricky' words the, to, go, no..."

Letter progression
(one set per week)
Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, d, m
Set 3: c, o, g, k
Set 4: e, r, u, ck
Set 5: h, b, f, l, ff, ll, ss

Poster for classroom display

Phase Two, 'tricky' words. High frequency words used in SSC Unit 8.

 

Set 1: SSC Unit 1
Set 2: SSC Unit 1 and SSC Unit 2
Set 3: SSC Unit 1, SSC Unit 2 and SSC Unit 3
Set 4: SSC Unit 2, SSC Unit 3 and SMC Unit 2. See also SSC Unit 4- final consonant blends and ck word list
Set 5: SSC Unit 2 and SMC Unit 2.

Suggested timetable for Phase Two – discrete teaching

50

Week 1

 

Set 1: SSC Unit 1

 

Week 2

  • Teach Set 2 letters: i, n, d, m
  • Teach blending with letters (blending for reading)
  • Practise blending for reading
  • Practise blending and reading the high-frequency words is, it, in, at

 

Set 2: SSC Unit 1 and SSC Unit 2
SSC Unit 4- final consonant blends

Word List 1-10 and 11-20, pages 1 and 2 of  SSC Unit 8

 

Week 3

  • Teach Set 3 letters: c, o, g, k
  • Teach segmentation for spelling
  • Teach blending and reading the high-frequency word and
  • Demonstrate reading captions using words with Set 1 and Set 2 letters and and - print flashcards:

(+i) -  it, is, sit, sat, pit, tip, pip, sip

(+n) - an, in, nip, pan, pin, tin, tan, nap

(+m) - am, man, mam, mat, map, Pam, Tim, Sam

(+d) - dad, sad, dim, dip, din, did, Sid, and

 

Set 3: SSC Unit 1, SSC Unit 2 and SSC Unit 3
SSC Unit 5 - Initial consonant blends
SSC Unit 8 - Common, frequently used words

 

 

Print the four sets of flashcards and make up captions using and

 

Week 4

 

SSC Unit 4 - final consonant blends and ck word list

 

 

 

SSC Unit 8 - Common, frequently used words

 

Week 5

 

SSC Unit 2 and SMC Unit 2

SMC Unit 2, SCC Unit 6

 

SSC Unit 7, SSC Unit 3, SSC Unit 8

 

 

Week 6

  1. Revise all the letters and sounds taught so far
  2. Continue to support children in reading words and captions



Why not set Spellzone units or word lists as homework tasks?

51

Teaching a letter
Mnemonics:

See the Spellzone blog:
10 Mnemonics to Help with Spelling Tricky Words
Eight Tips For Creating Mnemonics

57

Practising oral segmentation
Resources:
List of words, pictures or objects

Create your own word lists or use those already on Spellzone.
Use the Search Word Lists facility to find words.

57

Practising oral segmentation
Procedure:
Suitable and unsuitable items sample word list

Create your own word lists or use those already on Spellzone.
Use the Search Word Lists facility to find words.

 

Teaching and practising blending for reading VC and CVC words

58

Teaching blending for reading
Resources:
VC and CVC words on cards.
Print flash cards and ask students to draw sound buttons:
Set 1: at, sat, pat, tap, sap, a, as
Set 2:
(+i) -  it, is, sit, sat, pit, tip, pip, sip
(+n) - an, in, nip, pan, pin, tin, tan, nap
(+m) - am, man, mam, mat, map, Pam, Tim, Sam
(+d) - dad, sad, dim, dip, din, did, Sid, and

VC and CVC words on cards with sound buttons included:
Set 1: at, sat, pat, tap, sap, a, as
Set 2:
(+i) -  it, is, sit, sat, pit, tip, pip, sip
(+n) - an, in, nip, pan, pin, tin, tan, nap
(+m) - am, man, mam, mat, map, Pam, Tim, Sam
(+d) - dad, sad, dim, dip, din, did, Sid, and

 

 

59

Practising blending for reading
Resources:
Sets of word cards (e.g. words containing Sets 1 and 2 letters

Print the word lists as flash cards.

60

Practising blending for reading
Resources:
Words on coins and picture of treasure chest and dustbin

 

 

Teaching and practising segmenting VC and CVC words for spelling

61

Teaching segmentation: Phoneme frame
Resources:
 List of words - VC with Phoneme frames included

Print out the Phoneme frame activity for classroom use.

62

Practising segmentation: Phoneme frame
Resources:
 List of words VC, and CVCwith Phoneme frames included:

(+i) -  it, sit, sat, pit, tip, pip, sip
(+n) - an, nip, pan, pin, tin, tan, nap
(+m) - am, man, mam, mat, map, Pam, Tim, Sam
(+d) - dad, sad, dim, dip, din, did, Sid, and

Print out the phoneme frame activity worksheets for classroom use.

63

Practising segmentation: Full circle
Resources:

  1. List of words and letters (sat, sit, sip, tip, tap, sap, sat, s, a, t, p, i), one per pair of children
  2. List of words and letters (pin, pit, sit, sat, pat, pan, pin, s, a, t, p, i, n), one per pair of children
  3. List of words and letters (pot, pod, pad, sad, mad, mat, pat, pot, p, t, d, m, s, o, a), one per pair of children
  4.  List of words and letters (cat, can, man, map, mop, cop, cap, cat, c, t, n, m, p, a, o), one per pair of children
  5. List of words and letters (leg, peg, pet, pat, rat, ran, rag, lag, leg, l, g, p, t, r, n, e, a), one per pair of children
  6. List of words and letters (run, bun, but, bit, hit, him, dim, din, sin, sun, run, r, n, b, t, h, m, s, d, i, u), one per pair of children

 

Teaching and practising high-frequency (common) words

64

There are 100 common words that recur frequently in much of the written material young children read and that they need when they write. Most of these are decodable, by sounding and blending, assuming the grapheme–phoneme correspondences are known, but only 26 of the high-frequency words are decodable by the end of Phase Two. List 1, List 2.

Teaching 'tricky' high-frequency words
In order to read simple captions it is necessary also to know some words that have unusual or untaught GPCs ('tricky' words) and these need to be learned.

Resources:
Caption containing the tricky word to be learned:
Captions with sets 1–4 words: flash cards or flash cards with sound buttons

Captions with sets 1–4 words + to, the: flash cards or flash cards with sound buttons

Captions, instructions and signs with sets 1–5 words + to, the, no, go: flash cards or flash cards with sound buttons

SSC Unit 8
See also Spellzone Curriculum Word Lists: High frequency words, in phases and High frequency words, in order



SSC Unit 7 - Tricky Words





Print out the word list with sound lines and buttons as worksheets for classroom use and additional practice.

 

Practising reading high-frequency words

65

Children should be given lots of practice with sounding and blending the 26 decodable high-frequency words so that they will be able to read them 'automatically' as soon as possible. They also need practice with reading the five tricky words, paying attention to any known letter–sound correspondences.

Resources:
Between five and eight high-frequency words, including decodable and tricky words, written on individual cards.

Decodable words - List one
Decodable words - List two
Phase Two Tricky words

Give the children a caption incorporating the high-frequency words to read at home.

Word Lists 1-100 and 11-20, pages 1 to 10 of  SSC Unit 8
See also: High frequency words, in phases and High frequency words, in order

SSC Unit 7 - Tricky Words

 

Print word lists as flash card worksheets.
Use the pre-loaded sentences or create your own.

 

Set word lists as homework tasks.

 

Introducing two-syllable words for reading

65

Resources:
Short list of two-syllable words

SMC Unit 4 - final consonant blends and ck word list

Assessment

68

By the end of Phase Two children should:

  1. be able to blend and segment in order to read and spell (using magnetic letters) VC words if, am, on, up, at, it, is, an, in
  2. and 'silly names' such as ip, ug and ock;
  3. be able to read the five tricky words the, to, I, no, go.

For revision, why not set SSC Unit 7 - Tricky Words or any word list from Phase 2 using Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check as a homework task or any Spellzone game?

For assessment set any word list from Phase 2 as a homework task using Listen and Spell.

 

Bank of suggested words for practising reading and spelling

 

The words in this section are made up from the letters taught for use in blending for reading and segmentation for spelling. These lists are not for working through slavishly but to be selected from as needed for an activity (words in italics are from the list of 100 high frequency words).

 

69

Words using set 1 GPC
at, sat, pat, tap, sap, [a*, as]

*The indefinite article 'a' is normally pronounced as a schwa, but this is close enough to the /a/ sound to be manageable. SMC Unit 24 covers the 'schwa' sound.

69

Words using sets 1 and 2 GPCs
(+i) -  it, is, sit, sat, pit, tip, pip, sip

(+n) - an, in, nip, pan, pin, tin, tan, nap

(+m) - am, man, mam, mat, map, Pam, Tim, Sam

(+d) - dad, sad, dim, dip, din, did, Sid, and

69 Words using sets  1–3 GPCs
(+g) - tag, gag, gig, gap, nag, sag, gas, pig, dig

(+o) - got, on, not, pot, top, dog, pop, God, Mog

(+c) - can, cot, cop, cap, cat, cod

(+k) - kid, kit, Kim, Ken

69

Words using sets 1–4 GPCs
(+ck) - kick, sock, sack, dock, pick, sick, pack, ticket, pocket

(+e) - get, pet, ten, net, pen, peg, met, men, neck

(+u) - up, mum, run, mug, cup, sun, tuck, mud, sunset

(+r) - rim, rip, ram, rat, rag, rug, rot, rocket, carrot

Teach that 'ck' together stands for the same sound as 'c' and 'k' separately – ck never comes at the beginning of a word, but often comes at the end or near the end.
See SMC Unit 2 and ck word list

70

Words using sets 1–5 letters
(+h) - had, him, his, hot, hut, hop, hum, hit,hat, has, hack, hug

(+b) - but, big, back, bet, bad, bag, bed, bud, beg, bug, bun, bus, Ben, bat, bit, bucket, beckon, rabbit

(+f and ff) - of, if, off, fit, fin, fun, fig, fog, puff, huff, cuff, fan, fat

(+l and ll) - lap, let, leg, lot, lit, bell, fill, doll, tell, sell, Bill, Nell, dull, laptop

(+ss) - ass, less, hiss, mass, mess, boss, fuss, hiss, pass, kiss, Tess, fusspot

Bank of suggested captions for practising reading

71

 

Captions with sets 1–4 words

Captions with sets 1–4 words + to, the

Captions, instructions and signs with sets 1–5 words + to, the, no, go

 

 

Back to Letters and Sounds home.



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