Syllables: vowel and consonant patterns

Teaching point When spelling words of more than one syllable:

1. After a long vowel sound you only need one consonant before the next vowel. Look at the vcv pattern in this word:


2. After a short vowel sound you usually need two consonants before the next vowel. Look at the vccv pattern in this word:



Note: If there are already two consonant sounds, there is no need to have any double letters:


These rules will work 90% of the time, but not always. The list below gives some of the most common rule-breakers.

v c v words v c c v words

Rule breakers break spelling rules

These words have only one consonant after a short vowel.


These words follow the rule and have one consonant after a long vowel.


These words follow the rule and have two consonants after a short vowel.

acorn
even
idea
odour (US odor)
unit
crazy
label
decent
depend
rival
tiger
Roman
local
cupid
student

and many more...
addict
error
inner
opposite
utter
rabbit
magnet
letter
mental
pillow
pistol
rotten
contact
button
mustard

and many more...
adult
ever
idiot
orange
upon
camel
habit
vanish
memo
denim
menu
clinic
finish
visit
comic
robin
tropic
punish
study
suburb

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Unit 8: Syllables: vowel and consonant patterns

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