Consonants in one-syllable words:
one consonant or two?

Most consonants are easy to spell: Just listen to the sounds you hear and write one letter for each sound:

rat peg drip blob drum

Sometimes you need two consonants after a short vowel sound.

Think back - help with spelling rules The short vowel sounds are those you hear at the start of these words:

short vowel sound at the start of the word short vowel sound at the start of the word short vowel sound at the start of the word short vowel sound at the start of the word short vowel sound at the start of the word
alligator elephant insect octopus umbrella

Teaching point Some end consonants need to be doubled after a short vowel. The end consonants which need to double are :

f s l c

f > ff s > ss l > ll and c becomes ck
doubled letters after a short vowel doubled letters after a short vowel doubled letters after a short vowel doubled letters after a short vowel
cliff pass shell clock
staff
sniff
tiff
puff
bluff
cuff
stuff
scoff
off ('get off')
mass
class
press
stress
fuss
hiss
miss
boss
cross
bell
smell
still
doll
bull
pull
The 'all' words:
call
fall
small
wall
track
snack
neck
speck
click
thick
lock
shock
duck
struck

next part of the spelling course Go to next page: some practice in these words
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Unit 4: Spelling the consonant sounds

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